District Courts Rajanpur
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Brief History of rajanpur

Etymology and Geography

Rajanpur District derives its name from the town of Rajanpur which was founded by Makhdoom Sheikh Rajan Shah about 1770. Rajanpur District was carved out from Dera Ghazi Khan District in 1982. Rajanpur is situated on the right bank (west side) of River Indus. It is bounded on the north by Dera Ghazi Khan District, to the west by Dera Bugti district of Balochistan, to the east by Muzaffargarh and Rahim Yar Khan districts, in the south lies Kashmire District of Sindh Province. The Suleiman Mountains rise to the west of the district.


Following are the demographics of the Rajanpur district, by spoken language:

  • Punjab province local people different dialects: 90%

  • Other: 10%

Inhabitants of Rajan pur District speak a great variety of Punjabi dialects, although few of these dialects are called as separate language “Saraiki”, but because of good and loving nature of people there is no distinction or hate among different dialects and have a mix culture of Great (North and South) Punjab.

  • Derawali (Mainly)

  • Punjabi dialects or standard (Sizeable population in cities also in newly cultivated areas)

  • Raangri (A mixture of Rajasthani, Urdu and Punjabi spoken by sizeable population in cities)

  • Riyasti (Border areas near Rahimyar khan district)

  • Thalochi (Border areas near Muzaffargarh district)

Other Languages include

  • Urdu is mother tongue of few people but being national language is spoken and understood by the sizeable population

  • English is also understood and spoken by the educated elite

  • Saraiki is mainly spoken by sizeable population in the district

  • Baluchi is also spoken by sizeable population in the district

  • Sindhi is also spoken by few population in the Sindh province border areas


Rajanpur is famed with Makhdoom Sheikh Rajan Shah. The historical background of the district reveals that “Hindu Raja Harnacus” and his son “Lok Bhagat had constructed the Fort of Harrand on the style of Monojodero. That is the reason arrangement of Harrand Fort seems contemporary society of Monojodero. Muslim rulers from Muhammad Bin Qasim to Ahmed Shah Abdali had maintained their sovereignty at this area. When the Region of Harrand was being ruled by Nadir Shah, he gifted this area to Makhdoom Sheikh Rajan Shah (his Kardar) in recognition of construction of Qutab Canal. Later on, the said Makhdoom Sheikh Rajan Shah added word “Pur” after his name during the year, 1732-33. Since, it is called Rajanpur.

The area of Rajanpur District had been remained under the domination of different rulers i.e. Baloch tribes, Nadir Shah Barohi, Khan of Qalat, Mahraja Ranjeet Singh, Nawab of Bahawalpur and Sawansigh. When the British rulers attacked the Sub-Continent during the year 1849, this area came under the Flag of British Government. The Baloch tribes who were famous due to their stubbornness refused to accept the regime of British Government. Since the Western border was inhabited by Baloch tribes on both sides. Border Military Police was created and area was divided into two parts i.e. settled as “A” and tribal belt was declared as B-Area. Tribal area is a hilly linear make longer running North to South.

Previously Rajanpur was Sub-Divisional Headquarter of District Dera Ghazi Khan. It was created as independent district on 01.07.1982. The topography layout and the area adjacent to Suleman hills are always very friendly abode for the criminals. The Western part of the district is adjacent to Dera Bugti Agency, Kohlu Agency and Barkhan Agency (Balochistan Province). Rajanpur, 29:06N, 70:19E, is a city and the headquarters of the Rajanpur district and tahsil in the extreme southwest part of Punjab, Pakistan. The district lies entirely west of the Sindhu river (Indus river); it is a narrow, 20 to 40 miles wide strip of land sandwitched between the Sindhu river on the east and the Sulaiman range of hills and mountains on the west. The town is just about nine miles from the right (west) bank of the river. In 1998 it had a community of 42,986.


Agriculture in Rajanpur depends solely upon canal irrigation since rainfall is negligible in the region. The five rivers of the Punjab meet at the locality of Wang near Mithankot; hence these rivers provide water for irrigation as well as for domestic usage. Rainfall occurs during the monsoon season (July–September). Occasional heavy rainfall causes flooding in this region, but such floods are rare. In Rajanpur, flood waters come from the Kah Sultan and Shacher torrents (rivulets), as well as the Indus.
Rajanpur district is famous for cotton and sugarcane crop, although they are cultivating wheat and rice as well and tobacco to very little extent too.

Irrigation System

The agriculture of Rajanpur depends upon canal irrigation in some areas of Rajanpur peoples drinking canal water in these areas Pachad include.


Rajan Pur is a District of Punjab. It is located in southern Punjab. The total population of this district is 1522511. As a city, Rajan Pur is a clean with wide Streets & good sanitation system. It consists of three tehsils namely Rohjan Mazari, Jam pur, Fazil Pur.

In August due to the heavy rains flash floods started. Peshawar and Rajan Pur districts were badly affected by these flash floods. In Rajan Pur flood water came from Kah Sultan and Shacher torrent (rivulet). This flood water hit the different union councils of Rajan Pur. Hundreds of houses damaged fully and partially and inhabitants sitting under open sky. The displaced people have sought shelter in streets and other public buildings in and around their chaks (villages).


Rajanpur is the headquarters of Rajanpur District and Tehsil, is located in the extreme southwest part of Punjab, Pakistan (29:06N, 70:19E) with a geographical span of 12,319 km2. It is one of the only two districts of Punjab located west of the Indus River. The land is sandwiched by river Indus on one side, while the Suleiman mountains range on the other. According to the National Census Report 1998, it had a population of 1,103,618 of which 14.27% were urban. Under the local administrative break up, whole district is divided into three Tehsils and 43 Union Councils (UCs).



Historical Places


Mithankot is the shrine of the great Sufi Saraiki poet Hazrat Khawaja Ghulam Farid is the historical place in Kot Mithan. Thousands of his disciples come to Rajanpur every year on the anniversary of Hazrat Khawaja Ghulam Farid.


Hajipur is the shrine of the great Sufi Hazrat Khawaja Noor Muhammad Narowala is the historical place in Hajipur. Thousands of his disciples come to Rajanpur every year on the anniversary of Hazrat Khawaja Noor Muhammad Narowala.


Fazilpur is the shrine of the great Peer/Sufi Hazrat Chan Charagh Shah Sain a.k.a. Ghorrey Shah Sain is the historical place in Fazilpur.Fazilpur is situated in the center (heart) of District Rajanpur. And its importance in district Rajanpur is like heart in every field specially politics. Major cost living in Fazilpur are Dreshak, Gopang, Mastoi, Mohajir (usifzai, sherwani, Lodhi, Qureshi), Korai, Thaheem, Bhati and Zargar (Sunara).

Harrand Fort

This fort, built in British era, is situated in the tribal area of Rajanpur.


Chatool is a small village. Chatool is the shrine of the great Sufi Hazrat Ameer Hamza Sultan is the historical place in Chatool, Lalgarh, Tehsil Jampur. Thousands of his disciples come to Rajanpur every year on the anniversary of Hazrat Ameer Hamza Sultan.


Marri is the resort Hill Station in Rajanpur similar to Muree. Its Altitude Is 4800 ft Cold Weather In Summer. Dragal mountain is an altitude of 5400 feet.

Ada Chiragh Shah

It is situated on Indus highway. There is a shrine of Baba Chiragh Shah, a Sufi peer.


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